Your Dog’s Nutritional Needs

If there’s one thing we know for sure about Fido, it’s that he loves food. However, while your pup may happily gobble down anything you put in his dish, all pet foods are definitely not created equal. Here, a vet discusses doggy nutrition.

Reading Labels

Choosing the right dog food can be intimidating! Pet food manufacturers use slick marketing techniques to make their products look as good as possible. However, pet food labeling practices can be deceptive. Get into the habit of reading labels. Look for products that list meat as the first and most numerous ingredient. Avoid brands that contain high amounts of carbohydrate-heavy fillers such as wheat and corn, which really aren’t that great for dogs. Premium foods generally do have higher amounts of nutrients and better quality, so get Fido the best brand you can afford. Ask your vet for specific advice.

Life-Stage Nutrition

Your dog’s nutritional needs will change as he ages. Puppies require nutrient-dense food with lots of protein, fats, vitamins, and minerals, as well as suitable carbohydrates, to help fuel their rapid growth and playful frolicking. Adult doggy diets should focus on maintaining and promoting good health. Your canine buddy’s diet will still consist of protein, healthy fats, vitamins, and minerals, but his food will be formulated differently than a puppy’s. Once Fido becomes a senior, his needs will change again. Older pooches still require lots of protein, as otherwise they can lose muscle mass, but their overall calorie consumption may need to be lowered. Senior dogs may also benefit from eating more Omega-6 fatty acids and antioxidants, like Vitamin E and beta carotene.


It’s fine—and actually beneficial—to give your furry friend snacks, but don’t go overboard. While the occasional piece of bacon or sausage won’t hurt Fido, in general, try to offer him healthier treats. Sliced deli meat is fine. Cooked, plain, boneless meat, chicken, or fish is also safe. As a rule of thumb, keep treats to about 5 percent of your pet’s daily intake.

In addition to traditional treats, you may want to consider supplementing your dog’s diet with probiotics. Check out our article on Probiotics for Pets to learn more about how these beneficial bacteria can support your furry friend’s digestive health and overall well-being.

Serving Sizes

Serving sizes vary greatly from dog to dog. Fido’s ideal food portions will depend on his age, breed, health, weight, and lifestyle. A Chihuahua only needs a fraction of the calories a Great Dane requires! Ask your vet for recommendations.

Our Advice on Your Dog’s Nutritional Needs in 2024

What specific nutrients should dog owners look for when selecting a high-quality dog food?

When selecting high-quality dog food, owners should look for products where meat is the first listed ingredient, indicating a high protein content crucial for your dog’s health. Additionally, seek out foods rich in healthy fats, like Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, for optimal skin and coat health. Vitamins and minerals should be included to support overall health, with a specific focus on antioxidants like Vitamin E and beta carotene for immune system support. Avoid foods with high amounts of carbohydrate-heavy fillers like corn and wheat. Always consult with a veterinarian to tailor dietary choices to your dog’s specific life stage and health needs.

Are there any common food allergens or ingredients that dog owners should avoid when choosing a dog food?

Dog owners should be cautious of certain food allergens or ingredients that commonly cause sensitivities in dogs. These include beef, dairy, wheat, chicken, egg, soy, and corn. While not all dogs are allergic to these ingredients, those with food sensitivities may exhibit symptoms like itching, digestive upset, or ear infections. Choosing a dog food with limited ingredients or novel proteins can help mitigate allergic reactions. For personalized dietary recommendations and to address specific concerns, dog owners are encouraged to consult with a veterinarian at our clinic in Treasure Coast, FL.

What are the potential risks associated with feeding dogs a homemade or raw food diet?

Feeding dogs a homemade or raw food diet carries potential risks, including nutritional imbalances, as it can be challenging to meet all dietary needs without professional guidance. There’s also a risk of bacterial contamination from raw meats, which can affect both pet and owner health. Additionally, bones in raw diets can cause choking, broken teeth, or internal blockages. To ensure a balanced diet and mitigate these risks, consultation with a veterinarian or a veterinary nutritionist is crucial before introducing homemade or raw diets.

How can dog owners determine if their pet is maintaining a healthy weight?

Dog owners can determine if their pet is maintaining a healthy weight through visual and physical assessments. Visually, a healthy dog should have an identifiable waist behind the ribs when viewed from above and a slight abdominal tuck when viewed from the side. Physically, you should be able to feel the ribs easily under a thin layer of fat. Consistent weight checks and veterinary assessments can also help monitor weight changes. If concerns arise about your dog’s weight, consult a veterinarian for personalized advice and management strategies.

What are some signs that a dog may be experiencing a nutrient deficiency or other diet-related health issue?

Signs that a dog may be experiencing a nutrient deficiency or diet-related health issue include dull, brittle, or excessively shedding fur, lethargy, sudden weight loss or gain, poor appetite, and digestive issues like diarrhea or vomiting. Changes in behavior or mobility, such as decreased energy levels or difficulty moving, can also indicate nutritional deficiencies. Visible signs of skin irritation or frequent infections may suggest a lack of essential nutrients. If any of these symptoms are observed, it’s crucial to consult a veterinarian for a thorough evaluation and tailored nutritional advice.

Do you have questions about your dog’s diet? Contact us, your pet clinic in St. Lucie County, FL, anytime! We are always happy to help!

Our Vet Nutrition and Weight Management services are designed to provide personalized guidance and support for your dog’s unique dietary needs. From selecting the right food for your pet’s life stage to managing weight concerns and addressing nutrient deficiencies, our experienced veterinarians are here to help you make informed decisions about your furry friend’s nutrition and health.

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